News from the Physics of Correlated Matter Department

Dr. Chi-Nan Wu was awarded the best poster prize at the 4th Functional Oxide Thin Films for Advanced Energy and Information Technology Conference held in Lisbon, Portugal. more

Dr. Brett Leedahl was awarded with the Poster Session Award at the 11th International Conference on Inelastic X-ray Scattering (IXS 2019) held at Stony Brook, USA, in 24-28 June 2019. more

The newly constructed MPI-NSRRC TPS 45A beamline has been inaugurated on 7-May-2019 in the presence of the German Ambassador in Taiwan and the Deputy Minister of the Taiwan Ministry of Science and Technology. more

A collaboration of the Max-Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, the University of Heidelberg, and the University of Cologne has developed a new method for imaging electronic orbitals in solids at the German Electron Synchrotron DESY in Hamburg.  more

The topological nature of the surface states in SmB6 is exposed by means of scanning tunneling spectroscopy on samples with magnetic substituents or by using magnetic tunneling tips. These local measurements are complemented by global transport measurements on identical samples. more

A universal strategy based on electrochemically induced fast reconstruction of amorphous nanofilm precursors is proposed for exploring ultrahigh mass activity and extremely stable bifunctional water splitting catalysts. The facile reconstruction strategy is promising for the development of novel efficient catalysts for other advanced energy conversion and storage devices. more

Scanning tunneling spectroscopy data on the archetypical heavy fermion metal YbRh2Si2 establish a hierarchy of energy scales, with the dominance of the lattice Kondo effect requiring temperatures well (about an order of magnitude) below the single-ion Kondo temperature of about 25 K. Only if the lattice Kondo correlations are sufficiently established, quantum critical fluctuations can evolve. more

A combination of scanning tunneling microscopy and locally resolved magnetic stray field measurements unambiguously revealed the polaron formation in the ferromagnetic semimetal EuB6. These polarons are at the heart of the colossal magnetoresistive effects near the ferromagnetic transition in this material. more

New X-ray spectra of the electronic structure of the transition metal oxide Ti2O3 reveal unprecedented electronic molecular detail about the transition from insulator to metal as temperature increases. more

SmB6 is under focus because it may be the first topological insulator that is also strongly correlated. It is intermediate valent and a gap opens only at low temperatures due to an intricate interplay between correlation effects and hybridization, yet the surface is always conducting. The topological properties of the surface are determined by the bulk so that it is surprising that the bulk crystal-field ground state of Sm3+ was unknown until now despite many attempts by e.g. neutron scattering. Recently, scientists from the Max-Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids and the University of Cologne clarified this issue by applying a new technique, namely core-level non-resonant inelastic x-ray scattering, see Sundermann et al., Phys. Rev. Letter 120, 016402 (2018). The finding that the ground state is the Γ8 quartet and not the Γ7 doublet, contradicts all existing band structure calculations and illustrates in a sobering manner the difficulties in making reliable predictions for the properties of correlated systems. more

The rare earth nickelates RNiO3 with the high Ni3+ oxidation state have continued to attract enormous interest due to the famous metal-insulator transition and unusual charge and spin-order phenomena together with the prediction for multi-ferroicity and even superconductivity in thin film hetero-structures. One of the long standing puzzles is why LaNiO3 seems to be the only RNiO3 that stays metallic and paramagnetic down to lowest temperatures. Recently, the team around Alexander Komarek was able to grow centimeter-sized and impurity-free single crystals of LaNiO3 and then to unveil its true electrical and magnetic properties. The result is that the phase diagram of the RNiO3 system has to be redrawn and that theoretical concepts have to be reconsidered about how to explain the properties and the electronic structure of these high oxidation state materials. more

The simple cubic structure of CeB6 does not change while intricate multipolar phenomena are developed upon a non-magnetic La substitution. However, phase diagrams of Ce1-xLaxB6 have been elusive for the last decades. Recently, detailed phase transitions in Ce1-xLaxB6 have been revealed by scientists of MPI-CPfS, TU-Dresden, and I. M. Frantsevich Institute. In addition, a simple feature which is likely to be observed in a multipolar heavy-fermion system has been found.  more

Steffen Wirth erhält die Fellowship für „seine grundlegenden Beiträge zu unserem Verständnis von stark korrelierten Elektronensystemen, insbesondere bei reduzierten Längenskalen, einschließlich des Kondo-Effekts und magnetischer Wechselwirkungen", wie es in der Ernennungsurkunde heißt.  more

Press Conference at the Ministry of Science and Technology of Taiwan 4 January 2017 in Taipeh more

Fe3O4 (magnetite) is one of the most elusive quantum materials as well as one of the most studied transition metal oxide for thin film applications. Yet, despite the tremendous amount of work devoted to preparing magnetite thin films, the enigmatic Verwey transition is in thin films extremely broad and occurs at substantially lower temperatures than that in bulk crystals. Recently, scientists at MPI CPfS have succeeded in growing magnetite thin films which not only have the Verwey transition as sharp as in the bulk, but also show transition temperatures that are substantially higher than the bulk. more

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