Press Release: Room-temperature tetragonal non-collinear Heusler antiferromagnet Pt2MnGa
Antiferromagnets have gained tremendous interest by researchers working in the field of spintronics. In an antiferromagnet the spins align in such a manner that the net magnetization is zero. Antiferromagnets being used as pinning layer in exchange-bias and spin-valves based devices, have now become an active component in spintronics and optical switching devices. The advantage of no stray field due to zero or very small moments and faster spin dynamics of antiferromagnets give advantage for their use in spintronic devices compared with ferromagnetic materials. Therefore, antiferromagnetic spintronics became a rapidly growing field, which is capable of changing modern magnetic storage technology. To make the practical use of antiferromagnets in spintronics requires materials with ordering temperatures above room temperature and small energy barriers between different stable spin configurations. In this respect non-collinear antiferromagnets are extremely promising materials.
In a recent study, scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids in Dresden demonstrated a non-collinear antiferromagnetism in a tetragonal Heusler compound Pt2MnGa with a high ordering temperature making room temperature applications feasible. Neutron diffraction experiments evidence the antiferromagnet spiral order with a helix propagating along the tetragonal axis. Ab-initio calculations show a purely exchange-based origin of the spiral order with the helicity fixed by the large basal-plane magnetocrystalline anisotropy. The small energy barrier between the degenerate left- and right-handed spirals makes Pt2MnGa a feasible candidate for non-volatile magnetic memories.
SSi / CPfS